This week’s research guide Refugees

Refugees - Research Guide International Law

The United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951 defines a refugee as ‘owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country’. The definition of a refugee was expanded by the Convention’s 1967 Protocol and by regional conventions in Africa and Latin America to include persons who had fled war or other violence in their home country. The Protocol ensures that internally diplaced persons can be recognized as refugees as well those who flee from areas because of natural disasters, large scale development projects, etc.

Check our Research Guide on Refugees

Library Blog

Arctic drilling

The Impact of Offshore Oil Drilling in the Arctic

In July 2015 the Obama administration has given Royal Dutch Shell PLC approval to begin with limited exploratory oil drilling off Alaska’s northwest coast, in the Chukchi Sea. The permits were granted despite the nationwide protest (where people in 13 states gathered for a “ShellNo” Day of Action) and protests by many environmental organizations such as Greenpeace, the Natural Resources Defense Council and Friends of the Earth. In this blog I will give a summary of the history of Arctic drilling and I will also discuss shortly the environmental concerns and technological and safety risks relating to offshore oil drilling in the Arctic.

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Special collections

  • Postcards

    • Postcard Peace Palace 1961
      Postcard Peace Palace 1961

      Peace Palace 1961

    • Postcard Peace Palace 1945
      Postcard Peace Palace 1945

      Peace Palace 1945

    • Postcard Peace Palace 1958
      Postcard Peace Palace 1958

      Peace Palace 1958

    Over the past century numerous postcards depicting the Peace Palace have been sent home. More about this collection ».
  • Peace movement

    • Nerger, K.A., De hulpkruiser 'Wolf': 66.000 mijl door den Atlantischen, Stillen en Indischen Oceaan in 451 dagen met een buit van 35 schepen, Amsterdam, Ten Have, 1918.
      Nerger, K.A., De hulpkruiser 'Wolf': 66.000 mijl door den Atlantischen, Stillen en Indischen Oceaan in 451 dagen met een buit van 35 schepen, Amsterdam, Ten Have, 1918.

      Nerger, K.A., De hulpkruiser 'Wolf': 66.000 mijl door den Atlantischen, Stillen en Indischen Oceaan in 451 dagen met een buit van 35 schepen, Amsterdam, Ten Have, 1918.

    • Banse, E., Wehrwissenschaft: Einführung in eine neue nationale Wissenschaft, Leipzig, Armanen, 1933.
      Banse, E., Wehrwissenschaft: Einführung in eine neue nationale Wissenschaft, Leipzig, Armanen, 1933.

      Banse, E., Wehrwissenschaft: Einführung in eine neue nationale Wissenschaft, Leipzig, Armanen, 1933.

    • Plüschow, G., De avonturen van den vliegenier van Tsingtau, Amsterdam, W. ten Have, 1917.
      Plüschow, G., De avonturen van den vliegenier van Tsingtau, Amsterdam, W. ten Have, 1917.

      Plüschow, G., De avonturen van den vliegenier van Tsingtau, Amsterdam, W. ten Have, 1917.

    The Peace Palace Library holds a unique collection on the peace movement from the period 1899- 1940. More about this collection »