Peace Palace Library
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Research guide Refugees

Refugees - Research Guide International Law

The UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951 defines a refugee as ‘owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable […] to avail himself of the protection of that country’. Later this was expanded by the Convention’s 1967 Protocol to include persons who had fled war or other violence.

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Library blog The EU as Guardian of the Rule of Law

The March of the Magistrates, which took place in Warsaw on January 11 2020, heralded a new stage in the process of European integration. Judges from various EU member-states gathered in the Polish capital in order to lend support to their colleagues, demonstrating against the erosion of the rule of law in Poland. In doing so, the judges highlighted that respect for the rule of law is no longer an internal matter for EU member-states. Instead, the March of the Magistrates confirms that the EU has become the guardian of the rule of law.

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News and events Book Donation: Application of Foreign Law

During the Private Law Course of The Hague Academy, mr. Can Yöney, a Turkish researcher and teaching assistant at Marmara University, donated his book the ‘Application of Foreign Law’ (Yabancı Hukukun Uygulanması) to the Peace Palace Library.

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World War II

World War II was the global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history. In a state of “total war,” the participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort. Marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the deadliest conflict in human history.

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The Nuremberg Trials Legacy

Picture: the archives of the International Military Tribunal on their way to the International Court of Justice, arriving at the Peace Palace, 14 March 1950.

The Nuremberg Trials mark an important moment in the history of international law. Individual war criminals, prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi-Germany, were held responsible and indicted for war crimes and crimes against humanity and brought to justice before an international tribunal. The Nuremberg Trials provided a legal framework on which thereafter prosecution of international crimes was built and thus laid the foundation for international criminal law to emerge as a modern discipline.

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Peace Palace Library showcase

  • 529 G 16

  • 536 C 1

  • 533 A 10

  • Thirlway, H., The Sources of International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2019.

  • 531 C 11

  • Gozzi, G., Rights and Civilizations: A History and Philosophy of International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019.

You can find the showcase in our Reading Room.