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Research guide European Union

The European Union is a political and economic union of 28 member states in Europe. The EU operates through a hybrid system of supranational and intergovernmental decision-making. The EU has developed an internal single market (free movement of people, goods, services, and capital) through a standardized system of laws that apply in all member states. The EU maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries, and regional development, justice and home affairs, common security and defense.

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Library blog The Autonomous Democracy of the EU

On the eve of the Conference about the Future of Europe the EU Court of Justice (CoJ) has made a significant contribution to the forthcoming debate by clarifying the concept of ‘European democracy’. In a similar way as the CoJ established in 1963/4 in the cases of Van Gend en Loos and Costa v ENEL that the Communities formed an ‘autonomous legal order’, the Court explicated in 2019 that the European Union has an ‘autonomous democracy’. This finding is of great importance for the other EU institutions in their endeavour ‘to give new impetus to European democracy’.

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News and events Library closed!

The Peace Palace Library will be closed for the general public from Monday 16 March 2020 onwards (presumably until 1 April 2020) in conformity with government instructions, due to the corona pandemic. Those of you who need to return borrowed books the next couple of weeks, don’t have to do that. Any resulting fines will […]

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The Nuremberg Trials Legacy

Picture: the archives of the International Military Tribunal on their way to the International Court of Justice, arriving at the Peace Palace, 14 March 1950.

The Nuremberg Trials mark an important moment in the history of international law. Individual war criminals, prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi-Germany, were held responsible and indicted for war crimes and crimes against humanity and brought to justice before an international tribunal. The Nuremberg Trials provided a legal framework on which thereafter prosecution of international crimes was built and thus laid the foundation for international criminal law to emerge as a modern discipline.

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The British newspaper The Guardian calls the Brexit-referendum the ‘biggest political decision of the century’. British voters: ‘Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?’ On 29 March 2019 — the first date of ‘Brexit’ — the British Parliament (House of Commons) has shown many ‘NO’ ‘s to the Withdrawal Agreement Theresa May had negotiated with the European Union. This library special provides background information about (the) Brexit (process).

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Peace Palace Library showcase

  • Gozzi, G., Rights and Civilizations: A History and Philosophy of International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019.

  • May, L. (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Just War, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2018.

  • 531 C 11

  • 534 C 27

  • Thirlway, H., The Sources of International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2019.

  • 529 G 16

You can find the showcase in our Reading Room.