Peace Palace Library
The international law library

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Research guide Cultural Heritage

Cultural Heritage distinguishes between tangible Cultural Heritage and intangible Cultural Heritage. Tangible Cultural Heritage can include archaeological sites, artifacts, monuments and culturally significant landscapes, whereas intangible Cultural Heritage can include language, oral histories, beliefs, ceremonies, customs, music, dance and other arts. The most important international organization in this field is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Check our Research Guide on Cultural Heritage
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Library blog COVID-19 Flyer and Protocol for Non-residents: Visiting the Library's Premises

The Peace Palace Library implements new COVID-19 procedures for visiting the Library’s Reading Room. Registration upon visiting the Library is obligatory. Please read the flyer and protocol in advance.

The health of our guests and staff is our highest priority and we therefore ask you to respect our measures regarding COVID-19. As these rules and procedures are subject to constant monitoring, evaluation and review, the the flyer and protocol too, will be subject to ongoing monitoring and evaluation. If need be, they will be updated.

Stay healthy, stay safe!

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News and events Visiting the Library upon Registration

The Library is re-opened for visitors. Your visit will be impacted by Covid-19. We kindly request you to prepare for your visit by reading the COVID-19 Flyer and Protocol first.

Registration for each visit will be compulsory. A maximum of 30 people will be allowed to visit the Library on a daily basis. The Reading Room will be open on workdays from 10.00-17.00 hrs. Studying, returning and borrowing books is possible during time slots only. Please bring your own laptop with you and a valid ID card. There are no public computers available in the Reading Room.

We look forward to welcoming you again soon!

Kind regards, PPL Staff

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Scheldt River: Controversy, Cooperation, International Law

Scheldt River: Controversy, Cooperation, International Law | Library Special

The Scheldt is a transboundary river which originates in France and runs through Belgium and The Netherlands. The Scheldt Estuary is shared between Belgium and the Netherlands. The Dutch section of the estuary is called the Western Scheldt, and is of vital importance as navigation channel to the port of Antwerp. Since the separation of Belgium from the Netherlands in 1839, the free navigation of the Scheldt and the maintenance and improvement of the navigation channel have been a bone of contention and legal controversy.

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The Nuremberg Trials Legacy

Picture: the archives of the International Military Tribunal on their way to the International Court of Justice, arriving at the Peace Palace, 14 March 1950.

The Nuremberg Trials mark an important moment in the history of international law. Individual war criminals, prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi-Germany, were held responsible and indicted for war crimes and crimes against humanity and brought to justice before an international tribunal. The Nuremberg Trials provided a legal framework on which thereafter prosecution of international crimes was built and thus laid the foundation for international criminal law to emerge as a modern discipline.

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Peace Palace Library showcase

  • 534 C 2

  • READ HUM 060 507

  • Boelens, R., T. Perreault and J. Vos (eds.), Water Justice, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 2018.

  • 533 A 10

  • 526 B 31

  • Gozzi, G., Rights and Civilizations: A History and Philosophy of International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019.

You can find the showcase in our Reading Room.