Peace Palace Library
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Research guide European Union

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams.

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Library blog Former Nazi Officer's Plea for Mercy Rejected

The mercy plea of Oskar Gröning, a 96-year-old former Nazi officer, has been denied. On July 15, 2015, Mr Gröning, who is also called the ‘bookkeeper of Auschwitz’, was condemned of being “guilty of aiding and abetting murder in three hundred thousand legally concurrent cases”, referring to the 300,000 murders that took place in the Nazi death camp Auschwitz during the Second World War. During the trial of 2015, Oskar Gröning expressly admitted moral guilt, but not criminal guilt.

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News and events Library User in the Spotlight: Nathália Brandão

Welcome to Den Haag, an international city where peace and democracy are cardinal virtues! Sunday morning and I was right there: at the entrance, just waiting for the course on the fundamentals of European Union Law. In spite of being pervaded by both enthusiasm and anxiety, the iconic Peace Palace building and its glorious garden engaged me with anticipation of the things to come. I glimpsed a path that would lead me to an intellectual journey shrouded by a serene atmosphere.

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Tsar Nicholas II: Peace and International Jurisdiction

The initiative of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia to organize an international peace conference at the dawn of the twentieth century came at exactly the right moment. During the First Hague Peace Conference of 1899, 26 countries came together to speak about disarmament and about the possibility of international jurisdiction, which led to the establishment of the Permanent Court of Arbitration. In 1907 a second peace conference was organized in The Hague, in which 44 countries participated. Find out more about the Tsar’s initiative and his relationship with the Peace Palace.

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South China Sea Territorial Disputes

China claims most of the South China Sea, through which more than $5 trillion of world trade passes every year. Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, the Philippines and Taiwan have rival claims. In addition to substantial natural resources, the South China Sea is of paramount strategic significance to the Asian security paradigm and to global stability. We have created a Library Special on this topic in order to provide you easy access to our collection: a selective bibliography, newsletters, books, articles and online resources.

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Peace Palace Library showcase

  • 518 C 39

  • Andres Sáenz de Santa Maria, P. & R. Rodriguez Magdaleno, Derecho Internacional Público: Textos y Materiales, Cizur Menor (Navarra), Civitas/Thomson Reuters, 2016.

  • 523 E 1

  • Macalister-Smith, P. and J. Schwietzke, Diplomatic Conferences and Congresses: A Bibliographical Compendium of State Practice 1642 to 1919, Graz-Feldkirch, Wolfgang Neugebauer, 2017.

  • Plesch, D., Human Rights after Hitler: the Lost History of Prosecuting Axis War Crimes, Washington, DC, Georgetown University Press, 2017.

  • Krajewski, M., Völkerrecht, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2017.

You can find the showcase in our Reading Room.