Peace Palace Library
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Research guide Refugees

Refugees - Research Guide International Law

The UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951 defines a refugee as ‘owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable […] to avail himself of the protection of that country’. Later this was expanded by the Convention’s 1967 Protocol to include persons who had fled war or other violence.

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Library blog The case BVerfG v EUCoJ

Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma.

The clash between the BundesVerfassungsGericht (BVerfG) and the European Court of Justice (EUCoJ), which erupted at the height of the corona crisis in the first week of May 2020, may be interpreted as a collision between two visions on the principles and functioning of international law.

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News and events Library closed!

Coronavirus update!

The Peace Palace Library is closed to the public until further notice due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) and national government measures.

Our online services remain unchanged.

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World War II

World War II was the global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history. In a state of “total war,” the participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort. Marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the deadliest conflict in human history.

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Women’s Rights and Gender Equality

cnn-womens-march-on-washington

Women’s rights are the rights claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women’s rights and feminist movement. In some countries, these rights are institutionalized by law and local custom, whereas in other countries these rights are ignored and suppressed. Issues associated with women’s rights include the right: to bodily integrity and autonomy, to be free from sexual violence, to vote, to hold public office, to enter into legal contracts, to have equal rights in family law, to fair wages or equal pay, to have reproductive rights, and to education. Gender equality is achieved when women and men enjoy the same rights and opportunities across all sectors of society and when the different behaviours, aspirations and needs of women and men are equally valued and favoured.

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Peace Palace Library showcase

  • 531 C 11

  • May, L. (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Just War, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2018.

  • 529 G 18

  • 533 A 10

  • 529 G 16

  • 536 C 1

You can find the showcase in our Reading Room.